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Costa Rica is known the world over for its beautiful and forgiving climate. When one thinks of tropical destination, they almost invariably think of Costa Rica. Because Costa Rica is so close to the equator, its climate has some very interesting qualities. There are around 12 hours of daily sunlight pretty much year-round across the country. In addition, Costa Rica’s average temperatures, usually 70-81 °F (21-27 °C) are very agreeable and consistent.
Instead of the 4 traditional seasons that North Americans are used to, Costa Rica has a wet season and a dry season. The dry season runs from November to April, longer in some areas, such as the northwestern province of Guanacaste. The wet season runs for the remainder of the year. Costa Rica is a very diverse nation in terms of geography and climate, and whatever type of climate you are looking for you should be able to find it in Costa Rica. Let’s take a look at 4 of Costa Rica’s most unique zones.
North Pacific Coast
This region of Costa Rica is known for its beautiful beaches and shore lines. The north Pacific coast is encapsulated entirely within Guanacaste province, and borders Nicaragua to the north. This region is characterized by its hot and dry temperatures, and enjoys sunny weather almost year-round. Even during the “wet” season, it typically only rains in the evenings, and much less frequently than almost any other region of the country. Although it is one of the most visited regions in the country, it is also one of the most sparsely populated. The north Pacific is also home to many tropical, dry forests, many of which come right up to the edge of the beaches.
This region of Costa Rica is located in the direct center of the country. It is said to have one of the nicest climates in the whole country. The temperature hovers around an agreeable 72 °F (22 °C) pretty much year round. In addition, this region receives a fairly consistent coastal breeze. The Central Valley is also home to two volcanoes, Poás volcano and Irazu volcano. Poás is the nation’s most active volcano, and Irazu is the nation’s highest. At the summit of Irazu, on a clear day, one can see both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
San Jose Highlands
The central highlands of Costa Rica, which contain the national capital city of San José, are known to have some of the most beautiful landscapes in the entire country. The highlands are much less flat than other regions of the country, containing mountains to the south and volcanoes to the north. It is the most heavily populated region of Costa Rica, and the cultural center of the nation.
North Caribbean Coast
This region of Costa Rica is perfect for those who enjoy the stereotypical “tropical” climate. It rains most days here, and even in the dry season the rain only let’s up, it doesn’t stop. The north Caribbean coast contains a vast network of rivers and canals. It is also home to a dense jungle, which remains rather untouched. Nature lovers will enjoy exploring all of the intricacies of the north Caribbean coast of Costa Rica.
Whether you’re interested in the hot and dry climates of the Pacific coastline, or the much more temperate and wet regions of the central valley and highlands, Costa Rica has a region for you. This tropical nation is known for its incredibly rich and diverse climate, and in this regard it certainly does not disappoint.